Tax on insurance premiums
Companies and natural persons that are liable to pay the tax on insurance premiums must submit an application for registration. After registration, they are required to submit tax returns in order to declare the tax and make the payments. Tax on insurance premiums is imposed on the basis of valid insurance contracts and on the basis of related income, received in the form of insurance premiums.
Who are the parties liable to pay tax on insurance premiums?
Insurers, which typically are Finnish insurance companies and other comparable institutions that conduct insurance business in Finland, have the liability to pay the tax. Foreign insurance companies based in the countries of the European Economic Area (EEA) are also liable to tax if they exercise their freedom to provide services in the insurance sector in Finland. Insurers based in the EEA must submit a notification to the Financial Supervision Authority when they start conducting insurance business in Finland based on the freedom to provide services. An official list based on received notifications is maintained by the Financial Supervision Authority (finanssivalvonta.fi).
In certain situations, the policyholder – a private individual or a company – may be liable to pay the tax. Such policyholders must first submit an application for registration as a party liable to pay tax on insurance premiums, and then submit tax returns to declare the tax and pay it.
The policyholder becomes liable when the insurance premium on which the tax is levied is paid to an insurer that does not conduct insurance business in Finland. Typically, these insurance companies are from countries outside the EEA.
What are the insurance contracts subject to tax?
The tax on insurance premiums must be paid in Finland for several different kinds of insurance contracts including property insurance, business interruption and liability insurance.
What are the insurance contracts exempt from the tax? For more information, see the instructions “Taxation of insurance premiums — Vakuutusmaksuverotus Suomessa” (in Finnish and Swedish) (refer to chapter 3).
Percentage rate of the tax and the tax base
The tax rate is 24%.
Its base is the accumulated or the paid-in insurance premiums (in accordance with § 4 of the act on the tax on insurance premiums (Vakuutusmaksuverolaki 664/1966)). The base also includes the additional charges called “fire safety fee” (palosuojelumaksu) and “motor traffic safety fee” (liikenneturvallisuusmaksu), and others.
Apply for registration on ytj.fi as a party liable to tax on insurance premiums
Companies can access the Business Information System (BIS) on the ytj.fi website to submit notices relating to the register of parties liable to pay tax on insurance premiums. You can use the BIS forms Y1 to Y6 to submit a request for registration as a party liable to tax on insurance premiums, to report various changes to your registration, or to submit an application for deregistration. Read more about the BIS forms (ytj.fi).
Submit tax returns and pay the tax on insurance premiums in MyTax
You are required to submit a tax return on your tax on insurance premiums every month in MyTax: first go to the Your tax types, and then click the File an insurance premium tax return link under Tax on insurance premiums. You can also pay the tax in MyTax.
The tax period is always the calendar month. Submit the return and pay the tax by the 12th day of the month following the end of the reporting month (in other words, if a payment of tax on insurance premiums relates to June, the due date for the tax return and payment is 12 July). If the 12th day of the following calendar month falls on a Saturday, Sunday or a public holiday, the due date is extended to the next business day. Read more about paying the tax.
Submit the tax return for insurance premium tax for every tax period even if no reportable activity had taken place in Finland during a particular period. If your insurance business is seasonal or if it is interrupted for several months, you have the option to submit your tax return beforehand. If you choose to do so, select “No activities during the tax period” when filling in the return form. You can report a no-activity period as described above for the ongoing tax period and for the 6 months that follow.
You can submit the return on paper only if there is a special reason for using the paper form, such as technical problems preventing electronic submittal of tax returns.
Enter the data on the tax return for self-assessed taxes (Form 4001e) under Information on other self-assessed taxes (tax type code 16). When you are reporting information that relates to more than one tax period, do not submit that information on one tax return. Instead, please provide such information on separate tax returns, calendar month by calendar month.
The tax period is always the calendar month. Indicate the tax period’s number as follows:
- Enter the month as appropriate (1 to 12), and the year in four digits. Example: If you are entering data for March 2022, enter “3” and “2022”.
- If no reportable activity took place during the tax period, enter zero in the “Tax payable” section.
If you need further instructions
If you have questions about the tax on insurance premiums, you can contact the Tax Administration by e-mail (vakuutusmaksuvero(a)vero.fi) or with a MyTax message.