If you leave Finland to work in another country and your employer is Finnish, the key factors regarding your taxes will be the length of your work period and the country where you will be working.
Report your foreign-sourced income along with any Finnish-sourced income with a tax return
Submit details in MyTax
If you don't use MyTax or other electronic filing, you must fill out Form 16A on paper, Statement on foreign income (earned income).
How to file information for your tax return on paper
MyTax allows you to add or correct the information in your pre-completed tax return. You can also report your foreign income and claim relief of double taxation in MyTax.
1. Duration maximum 6 months
If you work continuously for a maximum of six months in another country and your employer is Finnish, your wages will be taxed in Finland. Almost all the tax rules applied when you work in Finland will be applied to your income.
As a rule, the country where you work will not collect tax on your wages. There are, however, some exceptions. The country of work may collect tax in a situation where Finland has no bilateral tax treaty with the country. Similarly, the country of work has taxing rights if a tax treaty with Finland exists and your Finnish employer has a permanent establishment in the country. If you are an artist, athlete or sportsman, the country of work usually has taxing rights regardless of the length of your work period in that country.
If the country where you work collects tax on your wages, the resulting economic double taxation will usually be eliminated during tax assessment in Finland. For more information Elimination of double taxation — receipts of foreign-sourced income by a Finnish-resident individual.
Please contact the local tax authorities of the country where you intend to work to obtain precise information on tax procedures.
2. Duration longer than 6 months
If you work continuously for a period longer than six months in another country, your wages may be exempt from Finnish tax (in reference to the six-month rule). Wage income is exempt in Finland if all of the following preconditions are fulfilled:
- Your continuous stay in the country where you work is based on work-related reasons, and you are staying for at least 6 months.
- You spend less than 6 days in Finland (on average) for each full month of work in another country.
- The bilateral tax treaty between Finland and the country of work imposes no restrictions that would prevent the country of work from collecting tax on your wage income.
Under tax treaties, countries where work is performed have taxing rights if you stay there more than 183 days during a specified period. Depending on the tax treaty, calculation of the number of days is based either on 12 consecutive months or on the calendar year. The country of work also has taxing rights if your Finnish employer has a permanent establishment in the country. Where the country has no tax treaty with Finland, the six-month rule may be applicable if the preconditions regarding duration of work period and time spent in Finland are fulfilled.
If any of the preconditions listed above remain unfulfilled, wage income will be taxed in Finland. If you have also paid tax in the country where you work, the resulting economic double taxation will usually be eliminated during tax assessment in Finland. For more information Elimination of double taxation — receipts of foreign-sourced income by a Finnish-resident individual.
It should be noted that the six-month rule is only applicable to wages paid by a private-sector employer. If you work in another country and your employer is a Finnish public body, or you are an employee working on board a Finnish ship or aircraft, the six-month rule will not apply.
The tax exemption contained in the six-month rule only concerns wages for overseas work. During your stay in a foreign country you may receive other income, and that income will usually be taxed in Finland.
Use the following table to find out whether the six-month rule applies to your wages:
Kuuden kuukauden säännön soveltaminen (pdf, only in Finnish)
Tax withholding and payment of the health insurance contribution
- If your employer has examined your circumstances and come to the conclusion that your overseas work fulfils the requirements of the six-month rule, your employer may be excused the withholding of tax in Finland from your wages. However, if your coverage by the Finnish social security system continues, your employer must still withhold a health insurance contribution from your pay i.e. approximately 2 percent of gross wages.
- If the six-month rule does not apply, and during the period concerned you are under the obligation to pay some form of advance taxes to the tax authorities in the country where you work, you can ask the local Finnish tax office to give you a revised tax card in which your foreign-paid taxes are taken into account. Thus, your withholding in Finland will be smaller, and elimination of economic double taxation will at least in part be carried out at the early stage when taxes are being withheld.
Make sure you are aware of your local tax obligations
If you work overseas for longer than 6 months, you will usually need to pay tax to the tax authorities of the country where you work. Local tax rules will apply. Contact the local tax authorities about the necessary conditions and facts that apply to tax payment, including deadlines, due dates and the question of whether you need to complete a tax return in that country. We recommend that you keep the foreign statement that documents the assessment of your taxes and store it carefully.